notes from:

Glowing in the Gulf: Radiation, Genetically Engineered Drugs, and the Gulf War Syndrome by Mitchel Cohen

1. Patrick Sloyan, "For Gulf War Troops, Fire Wasn't Friendly,"
_New York Newsday_, August 10, 1991.
2. Dan Fahey, "Collateral Damage: How U.S. Troops Were Exposed To
Depleted Uranium During the Persian Gulf War," in _Metal of Dishonor:
Depleted Uranium: How the Pentagon Radiates Soldiers and Civilians with DU
Weapons_, International Action Center, 1997, p. 28. Fahey is a director of
the National Depleted Uranium Citizens' Network of the Military Toxics
Project (MTP), PO Box 845, Sabattus, ME 04280; (207) 3758482;
3. One of the first extensive exposes of DU in a mainstream journal
was written by Eric Hoskins, "Making the Desert Glow," Op-Ed in _The NY
Times_, Jan. 21, 1993. Also, see Nama Lefkir-Lafitte and Roland Laffite,
"The Use of Radioactive Weapons Against the 'Iraqi Enemy'," in _Le Monde
Diplomatique_, April, 1995.
4. Jay M. Gould and Benjamin A. Goldman, _Deadly Deceit: Low Level
Radiation, High Level Cover Up_, Four Walls Eight Windows Press, 1990; Dr.
Ernest J. Sternglass, _Nuclear Radiation & the Destruction of the Immune
System_, Red Balloon Collective, 1993; and, Sternglass, _Low Level
Radiation: The story of one scientist's attempt to call public attention to
radiation damage to infants and the unborn_, Ballantine Books, 1972.
5. Bill Mesler, "The Pentagon's Radioactive Bullet," _The Nation_, Oct. 21,
6. U.S. Army Environmental Policy Institute (AEPI), _Health and
Environmental Consequences o f Depleted Uranium Use in the U.S. Army:
Technical Report_, June 1995, p.102.
7. ibid., p.l02.
8. Fahey, op cit.
9. ibid.
10. Dr. J.W. Gofman, a biomedical researcher for the San
Francisco-based Committee for Nuclear Responsibility.
I 1. Nama Lefkir-Lafitte and Roland Laffite, in "The Use of
Radioactive Weapons Against the 'Iraqi Enemy'," _Le Monde Diplomatique_,
April, 1995, cite a report by the British Authority for the Control of
Atomic Energy, as follows: "The Report also underscores that the greatest
danger comes from uranium dust produced when projectiles hit and incinerate
vehicles.... On impact a high proportion of the metallic mass is
transformed into an aerosol whose fine particles, easily carried by the
wind, are easily absorbed.") A U.S. Army fact sheet states: "When a DU
penetrator impacts a target surface, a large portion of the kinetic energy
is dissipated as heat. This results in smoke which contains a high
concentration of DU particles. These uranium particles can be inhaled or
ingested and are toxic." (Skogman, D.P., "Depleted Uranium Facts," for
Commander, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, Department of the Army,
May 24, 1991.) And a March 7, 1991 directive issued by the army's Armament,
Munitions, and Chemical Command reads: "Any system struck by a DU
penetrator can be assumed to be contaminated with DU.... Precaution must be
taken to avoid inhaling or ingesting DU particles. Respirator or protective
mask should be worn at minimum, along with gloves. Ideally, protective
clothing should be worn as well.... [After cleanup] protective clothing
should be discarded."
12. Bill Mesler, "The Gulf War Secret," in _San Francisco Bay Guardian_,
Nov. 15, 1995.
13. British Atomic Energy Administration, printed in the _London
Independent_, Nov. 1991. Cited by Eric Hoskins, op cit., and Bill Mesler,
op cit.
14. Daniel Ellsberg, "A Call to Mutiny," in _Protest and Survive_.
15. See, for example, Philip J. Hilts, "Gulf War Syndrome: Is It a
Real Disease? Many symptoms are reported but no one cause has emerged."
_The New York Times_, Nov. 23, 1993, p.C12.
16 "2 Studies Seem to Back Veterans Who Trace Illnesses to Gulf War," _NY
Times_, Nov. 26, 1996.
17 Rachel Jones, "Gulf Vets Sexual Woes," _NY Daily News_, March 5,
1995. See, also, _NY Daily News_, Dec. 4, 1994 for a hear/wrenching account
of couples who served in the Gulf whose kids suffered harrowing birth
defects, some of whom died in their first years.
18. Philip Shenon, "Study Links Memory Loss to Nerve Gas, As in Gulf," _NY
Times_, May 14, 1997.
19 Philip Shenon, "Advisers Condemn Pentagon Review of Gulf
Ailments," _NY Times_, Nov. 8, 1996, p.1.
20. _NY Times_, May 14, 1997, op cit.
21. "U.S. is Missing Gulf War Data on Arms Dump," _NY Times_, Dec. 5, 1996,
22. Vietnam Veterans Against the War Anti-Imperialist, "Gulf War
Syndrome-NOT All in Your Head!" _Storm Warning_, Winter 1996-97. c/o
VVAW-AI, PO Box 95172, Seattle, WA 98145-2172.
23. "Schwarzkopf Is Skeptical That Chemicals Caused Ills," _NY Times_, 12/6/96.
24. "Many Veterans of the Gulf War Detail Illnesses from
Chemicals," _NY Times_, Sept. 20, 1996, p.1. The headline on the inside
page (p.A12) twists the story, reading: "Many Gulf War Veterans Offer
Details of Exposure to Iraqi Chemical Weapons," which _assumes_ they must
therefore be 1) weapons; and, 2) _Iraqi_ weapons, not U.S. or
U.S.-released, when there is no evidence for any of that in the story
25. _NY Times_, Nov. 8, 1996, op cit.
31. W.J. Stoessel, et al., _Report of the Chemical Warfare
Commission_, Appendix E (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Oftice,
1985), pp. 90-91.
32. _NY Times_, January 31, 1977.
33. Interview with author, September 1981.
34. _NY Newsday_, Nov. 19, 1991.
35. Patricia Axelrod, a weapons specialist with a ten-year history
of writing and research, in a study funded by the MacArthur Foundation. In,
Laura Flanders, "Biological Experimentation in the Gulf War," reprinted by
the Red Balloon Collective from _The Nation_.
(article edited)
36. U.S. Army Environmental Policy Institute (AEPI), _Health and
Environmental Consequences of Depleted Uranium Use in the U.S. Army:
Technical Report_, June 1995, p.4.
37._Storm Warning_, 1991.
38. ibid.
39. "Two Studies Seem to Back Veterans Who Trace Their Illnesses to
the Gulf War," _NY Times_, Nov. 26, 1996.
40. Flanders, op. cit.
41. _Storm Warning_, op cit.
42. Ibid.
43. _NY Times_, op cit., Dec. 6, 1996.
44. Tod Ensign, quoting from DOD flyer, "Gulf War Syndrome: Guinea
Pigs & Disposable GIs," "Covert Action, Winter 1992-93.
45. "Gulf War Syndrome-NOT All in Your Head!" _Storm Warning_, op cit.
46. _Storm Warning_, Winter 1996-97, op cit.
47. Jeff Nesmith, "Monsanto Altered Dioxin Study, EPA Memo Says,"
_Indianapolis Star_, March 23, 1990, p. A3.
48. Affidavit in Agent Orange case, _Ivy v. Diamond Shamrock
Chemicals Co., et al._, CV-89-03361 (E.D.N.Y.) p.8.
49. Tod Ensign, op cit.
50. _Covert Action_, Winter 1992-93, p.30.
51. _The Problem of Chemical and Biological Warfare: CB Weapons
Today_, vol. II, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, 1973, p.
52. Charles Piller and Keith Yamamoto, _Gene Wars: Military Control
Over the New Genetic Technologies_, New York: Beech Tree Books, 1988, p.100.
53. Harris and Jeremy Paxman, _A Higher Form of Killing: The Secret
Story of Chemical and Biological Warfare_, New York: Hill and Wang, 1982,
p. 266.
54. "Biological Testing Involving Human Subjects by the Department
of Defense," Senate Select Cubcommittee on Health and Scientifc Research,
55. Conn Hallinan, "Using CBW at Home and Abroad," _People's Daily World_,
April 6, 1989.
56. "Ethnic Weapons," _Military Review_ (U.S. Army Command and
General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas), November 1970, pp. 5-11.
57. Piller and Yamamoto, op. cit., p. 24; and Andrew Weinschenk,
"Army Gives a Boost to Exotic, Non Lethal Weapons," _Defense Week_, October
19, 1992.
Mitchel Cohen is a member of the Red Balloon Collective and the
Brooklyn Greens/Green Party of NY. He also works with the newly
formed Labor Party; the Committees of Correspondence; the
Coalition Against the Southwest Brooklyn Incinerator: the Direct
Action Network to Free Mumia Abu-Jamal, the Radical Philosophy
Association, and Blackout Books. He is the author of "BioWar: The
U.S. Government's Secret Experimentation with Biological &
Chemical Warfare;" "The Capitalist Infesto: Biotechnology and the
New World Order"; "The Capitalist System vs. The Immune System;"
and, "What Is Direct Action?," all of which are available by
writing to him at 2652 Cropsey Ave. #7H, Brooklyn NY 11214, and
sending along $4.00 for each.